Fad diets come and go, at times they linger longer. You would need to pick that suits your body type and other factors so that you do not regain the weight that you have lost after so much of hard work. Here are the top 4 diets that are popular in 2018.   

Macros Diet- It is also known as Flexible Dieting and If It Fits Your Macros (or IIFYM) and has gained popularity among models, CrossFitters, and body builders besides gaining traction through social media. This diet helps minimize hunger, prevent sweet cravings, and balance energy level. The point is to provide the body with the right nutrition. Dieters start with 50% carbohydrates and 25% each of protein and fat and all calories are maintained through smartphone apps and spread sheets. This type of tracking does help in weight reduction but no substantial weight loss as such.  

Alkaline Diet- The idea behind this diet is that certain acid-producing foods would lead to a metabolic imbalance. Consuming more alkaline-forming foods and less of acid-forming foods will help in reducing inflammation and increase disease resistance. Dieters eat about 80% alkaline-forming foods like vegetables and fruits and 20% acid-forming foods like meats, poultry, fish, dairy, sugar, caffeine, and salt. The biochemical processes of a human are complex, the blood and cells maintain the body’s neutral pH. 

Whole30- This is a kind of elimination diet that promotes the consumption of fresh foods while removing processed ones like grains, soy, legumes, dairy, sugar, preservatives, and artificial sweeteners. According to the authors of The Whole30: The 30-Day Guide to Total Health and Food Freedom, Melissa and Dallas Hartwig, the list of foods to be removed can give rise to a series of health problems that would include systemic inflammation, hormonal imbalances, and gut issues. By strictly following the Whole30 plan for 30 days, dieters are promised improved digestion, skin health, metabolism, and fitness, and an overall sense of well-being. The daily plan in this diet consists of three meals with moderate portions of protein, vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, and healthy fats from certain oils, coconut, butter, and olives. Snacking is not allowed unless it is planned before a work out. After the 30 days are complete, the eliminated foods can be added back, slowly into the diet. This diet should be followed with supervision as it eliminates numerous essential food groups like dairy, grains and legumes. 

Blood Type Diet- This diet was created by naturopathic physician Peter D’Adamo, ND, MIFHI, who opined that the blood type determines the foods that one should eat, exercise patterns etc. For example, type As should be vegetarians, practice yoga and meditation, while the type Os should follow a protein diet with regular aerobic exercises. A study published in 2014, in PLOS One experimented with more than 1,450 healthy adults who were following this diet. Though it did have some positive effects on BMI and triglycerides, these were at times independent of the participant’s blood group.  


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