Gout is a type of arthritis characterized by inflammation, swelling, and pain in the joints caused due to the formation of uric acid crystals in and around the joints. It is basically caused due to excess uric acid in the blood, a waste product formed by the body after digestion of certain food products. .The excess uric acid formation is basically due to the consumption of purine-rich diet which is naturally present in some food products and produces uric acid on metabolism in the body.
In addition to medication, gout attacks can be controlled by dietary restrictions. So, let us find out the food that is best suited to have and some, which are better to avoid to prevent the symptoms of this disorder below-
Gout friendly food to have :
A low purine diet is essential to keep the uric acid level under control thereby preventing the symptoms of gout. Some of the food and beverages that can be consumed daily are –
· Plant-based protein-rich sources like beans, legumes, lentils, quinoa (gluten-free).
· Whole grains bread, pasta, brown rice, barley, oats rich in complex carbohydrates.
· Fresh fruits and vegetables- Have plenty of vegetables like dark green leafy vegetables, cabbage, bell pepper, kalian, beetroot while having spinach, cabbage, asparagus, mushrooms in moderation since they have relatively higher purine content. Have Vitamin C rich fruits like cherries, oranges, tangerines, papaya since the evidence shows that they reduce the gout attacks.
· Low fat or Fat-free dairy substitutes.
· Most of the nuts and seeds in a moderate amount like walnuts, almonds, flax seeds, and cashew nuts.
· All kind of herbs and spices can be consumed.
· Better to use plant-based oils like canola, coconut, flax and olive oil.
· Have plenty of water, at least 8 glasses of water daily since it will help in flushing the uric acid from the body.
Food to avoid:
· Refined carbohydrate like white bread, cakes, candy, pasta since they might not be high in purine but low in nutrients and may raise uric acid content of the blood.
· Sugary food like sodas, colas, soft drinks, and even fruit juices should be limited since fructose on metabolism produces uric acid. Even avoid added sugar syrups like nectar, agave nectar, and fructose corn syrup.
· Organ meats like liver, kidney, brains, and game meats like pheasant, veal.
· Avoid seafood like herring, sardines, haddock scallops, shrimps, crabs, etc since they are highly rich in purine.
· Avoid red meat like beef, lamb, and pork or limit the portion sizes.
· Avoid alcoholic beverages, beer, and wine consumption since they interfere with the normal process of removal of uric acid from our body.
· Yeasts like brewer’s yeast and other yeast products are to be cut down from the diet.
Overall following this diet restriction would proactively assist in managing gout symptoms. Moreover, a healthy lifestyle and weight management would definitely play its part in achieving a higher rate of success in managing this disorder effectively.